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T-28B/C/D/F Pilot Qualifications

Per FAA Order 8900.1, Vol. 5, Ch. 9, Sec. 2.

  • Possess at least a U.S. private pilot certificate with an appropriate category and class rating (e.g., airplane, single-engine land);
  • Possess at least a valid U.S. third-class medical certificate;
  • Have logged a minimum of 500 hours of pilot flight time;
  • Have completed one of the training requirements of subparagraph 5-1582B; and
  • Have logged 50 hours complex time.

(NOTE:  Complex and high power endorsements are implied)

Relevant excerpts from the order may be found below.


05/16/2011 8900.1 CHG 0




 Section 2 Airman Qualification Requirements for Aircraft for Which the Operating Limitations Require an FAA-issued Authorization to Act as Pilot in Command



5-1579    AIRCRAFT REQUIRING AUTHORIZATIONS. part 61, § 61.31(a) requires type ratings for certain aircraft. This section of the rule specifies that persons who act as PIC of large aircraft, turbojet-powered airplanes, and other aircraft specifically identified by the FAA must hold a type rating for that aircraft. Type rating designations are supplied by AFS-800 after recommendation by a Flight Standardization Board (FSB) and are only applied to aircraft that have completed the type certification process. If the manufacturer (or builder) has not applied for a type certificate (TC), no type rating is available.

B.    Certain aircraft that have been issued special U.S. airworthiness certificates, and for which a type rating designation has not been established, require an authorization (previously an LOA) for the operation of the aircraft by the PIC. Aircraft requiring authorizations for operation include:

2)    Piston-powered surplus military experimental aircraft with more than 800 horsepower and with a never-exceed speed (VNE) in excess of 250 knots (e.g., Bearcat, certain Trojan models, and the Messerschmitt BF-109).


5-1580    ELIGIBILITY FOR AN AIRCRAFT AUTHORIZATION. Aircraft authorizations may be issued by either an EAE or an ASI (Operations) authorized by the NPO. Since “other aircraft authorizations” are similar to type ratings, the eligibility, application, issuance, and limitations will be similar to a type rating. By the same reasoning, once an “other aircraft authorization” is issued to an individual, then (like a type rating) it should be issued for an indefinite period of time or without an expiration date. Requirements for eligibility for an authorization include completion of training, testing, and evaluation in the same manner as would be required for a type rating.

E.    To be eligible for an authorization to serve as PIC of a surplus military piston-powered aircraft that has a horsepower rating of more than 800 and a VNEthat exceeds 250 knots, an applicant must:

·    Possess at least a U.S. private pilot certificate with an appropriate category and class rating (e.g., airplane, single-engine land);

·    Possess at least a valid U.S. third-class medical certificate;

·    Have logged a minimum of 500 hours of pilot flight time;

·    Have completed one of the training requirements of subparagraph 5-1582B; and

·    Have logged 50 hours complex time.


5-1582    TRAINING REQUIREMENTS.  The FSDO or EAE must receive documented evidence of appropriate training before it can issue the authorization (Figure 5-175, Letter of Authority (Issued Only by the National Program Office)). If the applicant has received training under subparagraph 5-1582A1) or 2), he or she must provide appropriate documentation of the training before the EAE or FSDO issues an authorization.


A.    Training Options. The applicant’s training program may consist of any one of the following:

1)    The applicant may have completed a U.S. military service qualification checkout to act as PIC in a specific type of aircraft. The applicant must also have logged 10 hours as PIC in the specific type of aircraft during the preceding 12 calendar-months. Authorizations may only be issued for the operation of civil aircraft. Authorizations will not be issued based upon military competence unless the applicant can show a need for a civil authorization. Typically, this would be shown by a letter from a civil operator requesting an authorization for the particular airman.

a)    The applicant must present this documentation to an EAE for issuance of an authorization for this specific type of aircraft.

b)    If more than 12 calendar-months have elapsed since acting as PIC in the specific aircraft, the applicant must meet the minimum recency of experience requirements of paragraph 5-1587 and successfully complete a practical test/evaluation given by an EAE.

2)    The applicant must receive and log both ground and flight training as listed in paragraph 5-1582B. Upon completion of the training program, the CFI or authorized instructor must endorse the applicant’s training record and certify that the applicant is proficient to take the required practical test/evaluation. This endorsement must be made in the applicant’s logbook and on the back of Form 8710-1 within the 60-day period preceding the date of the practical test/evaluation.

a)    Training in the specific aircraft type may be provided by a CFI or the holder of an authorized instructor certificate for multiseat aircraft that have functioning dual controls.

b)    For single-seat aircraft, ground and flight training in a comparable aircraft (multiseat with functioning dual controls), as defined in paragraph 5-1583, may be provided by a CFI or authorized instructor. However, the applicant must complete a transition training program in the specific single-seat aircraft type with ground instruction provided by a CFI or authorized instructor for that specific aircraft. Upon successful completion of the training, the applicant must have a logbook endorsement for solo flight from a CFI or authorized instructor before flight in the single-seat aircraft. This endorsement for solo flight can be used for proficiency flying in preparation for the practical test/evaluation. The endorsement must be limited to 30 days and will limit the applicant’s area of operation to the local area with takeoffs and landings only at the applicant’s home base airport. No cross-country authorizations should be included. The solo endorsement can include any other limitations deemed necessary by the authorized instructor. Solo endorsements may only be issued if the aircraft operating limitations permit operations based on a logbook endorsement. If the operating limitations do not permit logbook endorsements after completion of the training, the airman should contact the local FSDO and obtain a temporary LOA to permit limited local area solo practice. Temporary LOAs should be issued only when required by the aircraft operating limitations and when necessary for solo practice and to complete the practical test for an authorization to be added to the airman certificate (Figure 5-174).

B.    Training Requirements.

1)    Training must meet the standards specified in the appropriate parts of the practical test standards (PTS) for type ratings FAA-S-8081-5, Airline Transport Pilot and Aircraft Type Rating, Practical Test Standards for Airplane, current edition). At a minimum, an applicant’s ground training program must include the following requirements:

·    The airplane’s systems and components.

·    Ground emergency procedures, including abnormal procedures, if described in the airplane’s checklist.

·    Flight emergency procedures, including abnormal procedures, if described in the airplane’s checklist.

·    Use of performance charts, including (but not limited to) takeoff, climb, cruise, and landing.

·    Fuel requirements and fuel management.

·    Runway requirements and limitations (e.g., minimum runway lengths and crosswind limits of the airplane).

·    Contents of the Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) or equivalent.

·    Operating limitations prescribed for the specific airplane, both the manufacturer’s and FAA-issued.

·    Operation of the airplane in the high-altitude realm, if applicable.

·    Recovery from abnormal flight profiles based on specific aircraft characteristics.


2)    The applicant’s flight training program must meet the standards established in FAA-S-8081-5. The recommending instructor must have personally flown with the applicant in the airplane type (for multiseat with functioning dual controls) or a comparable type (for single-seat). This training must include the following requirements:

·    Airplane preflight.

·    Crew Resource Management (CRM), including single pilot, as appropriate.

·    Powerplant start procedure, taxiing, and pretakeoff checks.

·    Normal and crosswind takeoff.

·    Powerplant failure during takeoff.

·    Rejected takeoff.

·    Flight at critically slow airspeeds in all appropriate configurations.

·    Approaches to and recovery from stalls, as appropriate.

·    Recovery from normal and abnormal flight profiles based on specific aircraft characteristics, including unusual attitudes.

·    Normal, emergency, and abnormal procedures.

·    Landing with simulated powerplant failure.

·    Normal and crosswind landings.

·    Landing from a no-flap or a nonstandard flap approach.

·    Rejected landing.

·    Fuel-low level/return to base procedures.

·    Aerobatics, if appropriate to the airplane and requested by the applicant, if the applicant can provide operating limitations required by § 91.319 authorizing aerobatics and specific maneuvers.